California’s Central Valley
Central Valley was seen by Spanish explorers in the 1500s but remained virtually uninhabited except by native Americans until the 1849 California gold rush. In 1880 irrigation was introduced in central valley to be the future biggest agricultural valley in the World. Geographically, Central valley is almost the size of Florida (south to North), It stretches almost for 450 miles north to south, Limited by Cascade Range to the north, the Tehachapi peaks the south and the Coast Ranges to the west. and dominated by the Sierra Nevada to the east. Central Valley’s its northern half refers to the Sacramento Valley and its southern half to the San Joaquin Valley. The major rivers that supplies the great valley with irrigation are: Sacramento river (California largest river), American River, Stanislaus River, Tuolumne Riverand Merced River the takes its source in the Yosemite Valley. Within Central valley are located many larges metropolitans areas such Sacramento ( the capital of California) Fresno, Bakersfield, Modesto, Stockton, Visalia, San Joaquin, Stanislaus, Fresno, Kings, Tulare, Merced .Central valley is home to almost 7 million people .It’s is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world. Its nick name is “fruit basket of the world.” Central valley is home to a large live stock farms making California the first state in term of cheese and milk production passing Wisconsin, oranges (more than Florida) , cotton(more than Texas). Central Valley is also the primary source for a number of vegetables and fruits found in all US markets including tomatoes, almonds, grapes, , apricots, asparagus,),corn and much more .
Economy: Agriculture is especially significant to the economy of California’s Central Valley where it generates about $24.8 billion a year supporting 1.1 million jobs. California central valley agriculture contributes to California’s gross state product exceeding $1.2 trillion a year making it one of the world’s largest economies. Behind Japan, Germany, England, and France.